Community Psychiatry in a Latin American Context: Perú as a Case Example

(E-pub Ahead of Print)

Author(s): Renato Alarcon*, Horacio Vargas-Murga, July Caballero-Peralta, Yuri Cutipé-Cárdenas.

Journal Name: Adolescent Psychiatry

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Abstract:

Historical and conceptual issues related to community psychiatry as an innovative approach to clinical assistance across the world, precede a more or less detailed examination of its presence, role and current accomplishments in Latin America, particularly related to child and adolescent subpopulations. Information about transition processes from the traditional hospital-centered model to the community-based approach, applicable mental health policies, levels of implementation and quality of the available reports in different countries, are duly evaluated. The situation in Perú, a country considered representative of the Low and Middle Income (LMIC) group in the subcontinent, is studied, with particular emphasis on a recently established community-based mental health centers program across its territory. Encouraging results about personal, family and identity empowerment, focus on integrated care, clinical outcomes and community relations, need to be carefully followed-up to avoid extremes of rigidity and reductionisms. Adolescents represent the unique future of socio-culturally diverse Latin American countries, and must be the target population of well-conceived, cohesive community mental health policies and programs.

Keywords: Community psychiatry, mental health policies, adolescence, identity, Latin America.

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Article Details

(E-pub Ahead of Print)
DOI: 10.2174/2210676610666200317155858
Price: $95