Background: The increasing prevalence of diabetes mellitus worldwide continues to pose a
heavy burden. Though its gastrointestinal impact is appropriately recognized, the lesser known associations
may be overlooked.
Objective: We aim to review the negative implications of diabetes on the gallbladder and the biliary
Methods: A MEDLINE® database search of literature was conducted with emphasis on the previous
five years, combining keywords such as "diabetes," "gallbladder," and "biliary".
Results: The association of diabetes to the formation of gallstones, gallbladder cancer, and cancer of the
biliary tract are discussed along with diagnosis and treatment.
Conclusion: Though we uncover the role of diabetic neuropathy in gallbladder and biliary complications,
the specific individual diabetic risk factors behind these developments is unclear. Also, in addition
to diabetes control and surgical gallbladder management, the treatment approach also requires further