Background: The prevalence of diabetic kidney diseases (DKD) in the Saudi population
is increasing and its prevalence has been reported as 37.4%. Recently, a higher prevalence of albuminuria
in women has been proven through population-based studies.
Objective: Recently, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) has witnessed many changes in women’s
activities, and women are more actively participating in the social and cultural development of the
country. Thus, focusing on women’s health-related issues has become crucial. The necessity of
research focusing on the influence of various risk factors on DKD has emerged as a priority.
Methods: The literature search was done by search engines and databases (PubMed, Google scholar
and EMBASE). From a total of 21 selected articles, 18 articles are included in this study.
Results: This review emphasizes on the higher influence of certain DKD risk factors on Saudi
women including a high prevalence of glucose intolerance during pregnancy, obesity due to lack of
physical activity, and genetic predisposition due to consanguineous marriages, etc.
Conclusion: This study can raise awareness regarding the prevention and management of DKD in
Saudi diabetic women.