ISSN (Print): 2666-3384
ISSN (Online): 2666-3392
Volume 7, 2 Issues, 2020
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ISSN (Print): 2666-3384
ISSN (Online): 2666-3392
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Editor(s): Toshiyuki Takahashi
eISBN: 978-981-14-3725-0, 2020
ISBN: 978-981-14-3723-6 ISSN: 2661-4677 (Print) ISSN: 2661-4685 (Online)
Editor(s): Anupam Jyoti and Neetu Mishra
eISBN: 9789811422867, 2019
Advances in biomedical research have had a profound effect on human health outcomes over the last century. Biophysical, biochemical and cellular techniques are now the backbone of modern biomedical research. Understanding these laboratory techniques is a prerequisite for investigating the processes responsible for human diseases and discovering new treatment methods.
Editor(s): Afroz Alam
eISBN: 978-981-14-3378-8, 2020
This reference provides information about recent trends in bryology in parts of India, tropical rainforests and arctic regions. Bryophytes are the earliest land plants and quite fascinating in their overall diversity. All through its history, bryological study has contributed considerably to the field of plant sciences, for instance, the discovery of sex chromosomes in plants. The study of bryophytes is fundamental to our understanding of land plant evolution, and the latest progress in molecular phylogenetics and genomics have given researchers a clear depiction of land colonization of plants and subsequent terrestrial progression. Ecologically, the importance of bryophytes for the participation in biogeochemical cycles, in particular carbon cycle is now appreciated. Further, there has been an escalating interest in the conservation biology of bryophytes.
The contributors have put forward holistic information regarding current research scenario of bryology in a range of environments to readers learning about research in applied bryology. The compilation of reviews presents reported findings related to various aspects of the subject, such as, conservation, diversity, tissue culture, bio-monitoring, computational bryology, molecular bryology, and species.
Botanists and bryologists will receive updated information that will be valuable for their research work. The reader-friendly text is also suitable for beginners in applied plant science.
Recent Advances in Botanical Science provides updated research and reviews on topics related to plant biology, genetics, taxonomy and ecology. The series is a useful resource for readers interested in applied plant science.
Editor(s): Sandeep Singh and Dhiraj Kumar
eISBN: 9789811439315, 2020
Protocols used in Molecular Biology is a compilation of several examples of molecular biology protocols. Each example is presented with a concise introduction, materials and chemicals required, a step-by-step procedure and troubleshooting tips. Information about the application of the protocol is also provided. The techniques included in this book are essential to research in the fields of proteomics, genomics, cell culture, epigenetic modification and structural biology. The protocols can also be used by clinical researchers (neuroscientists and oncologists, for example) for medical applications (diagnostics, therapeutics and multidisciplinary projects).
Author(s): Nadia Danilova
eISBN: 978-981-14-3717-5, 2020
When environmental conditions deviate from the optimal range, stress ensues. Stress response is a set of reactions that allow the organism to adjust and survive adverse conditions. Stress can be physical, such as extreme temperature, radiation, injury, or psychological, caused by perceived danger or deprivation. Every living cell has biochemical mechanisms to cope with physical stress. These mechanisms show a degree of similarity among several types of living organisms.
Editor(s): Phetole Mangena
eISBN: 978-981-14-7962-5, 2020
ISBN: 978-981-14-7960-1 ISSN: 2737-4882 (Print) ISSN: 2737-4890 (Online)
For centuries, legumes have been used as pulses or grains serving as the most critical sources of major protein/oil-producing crops for both human and animal consumption, and for providing raw materials for industrial processing. They are highly valued as soil-building crops, improving soil quality through their beneficial involvement in biological nitrogen fixation, a symbiotic partnership with rhizobia.
Advances in Legume Research: Physiological Responses and Genetic Improvement for Stress Resistance serves as a unique source of information on the distinct aspects of basic and applied legume research for general readers, students, academics, and researchers. The book gives several insights on the morphological, physiological, and genetic responses to stresses via 8 concise chapters covering all aspects of legume growth, utilization, and improvement. The included chapters present research findings and succinct reviews concerning the strides continuously made in the improvement of legumes against biotic and abiotic stress factors. This comprehensive new legume reference book disseminates key information pertaining to genetic diversity, conservation, cultivation, manipulation through mutagenic techniques, plant transformation, and other breeding technologies. The book, therefore, continues to build on the need to acquire new knowledge about legume crops and ways to improve their existing agricultural yield for a sustainable and secure food market.
Author(s): Luigi Donato, Simona Alibrandi, Rosalia D’Angelo, Concetta Scimone, Antonina Sidoti and Alessandra Costa
eISBN: 978-981-14-8180-2, 2020
Bioinformatics, and by extension omic sciences – the collective disciplines that are dependent on the use of extensive datasets of biological information – present a challenge of data management for researchers all over the world. Big data collected as part of research projects and experiments can be complex, with several kinds of variables involved. Coupled with continuously changing bioinformatics and information technology tools, there is a need to bring a multidisciplinary approach into these fields.
Advances in Bioinformatics, Biostatistics and Omic Sciences attempts to realize an integrated approach between all omic sciences, exploring innovative bioinformatics and biostatistical methodologies which enable researchers to unveil hidden sides of biological phenomena.
This volume presents reviews on the following topics which give a glimpse of recent advances in the field:
- New Integrated Mitochondrial DNA Bioinformatics Pipeline to Improve Quality Assessment of Putative Pathogenic Variants from NGS Experiments
- Variant Calling on RNA Sequencing Data: State of Art and Future Perspectives
- An innovative Gene Prioritization Pipeline for WES analyses
- New Integrated Differential Expression Approach for RNA-Seq Data Analysis
- Innovations in Data Visualization for Straightforward Interpretation of Nucleic Acid Omics Outcomes
This volume serves as a guide for graduate students in bioinformatics as well as researchers planning new projects as a part of their professional and academic activities.
Editor(s): G. Baskar, K. Sathish Kumar and K. Tamilarasan
eISBN: 978-981-14-6082-1, 2020
ISBN: 978-981-14-6080-7 ISSN: 2737-4696 (Print) ISSN: 2737-470X (Online)
Enzyme inhibitors play a pivotal role in pharmaceutical and nutraceutical industries. The primary understanding of the action of inhibitors helps pharmacologists during the design process for developing new therapeutic drugs. Most drugs treat various chronic and life threatening diseases owing to their specificity and the potency of enzymes which they can inhibit. Enzyme inhibitors are used to screen various levels of diseases which propel the growth of inhibitors. The potential for enzyme inhibitors in the therapeutics market is very high as the biochemical properties and classes of enzyme inhibiting products are readily available.
The other broad aspect of enzyme inhibition is their application in analytical sensors. These sensors assist in monitoring various environmental factors. Understanding the mechanism of inhibition and regeneration of enzymes is a general problem of great importance for many biochemists and biotechnologists especially when using immobilized enzymes.
This reference compiles applied information about enzyme inhibitors used in medicine and environmental monitoring applications. Chapters presented in this volume cover special topics including biosensors, crop improvements in agriculture, biofuel production, pesticide and heavy metal detection, and drug therapy for human diseases such as breast cancer, neurological diseases and viral infections.
The collection of topics in this volume makes it an informative resource for readers at all academic levels on the applications of enzyme inhibitors in medicine and environmental sciences.
Author(s): Andreia Garcês and Isabel Pires
eISBN: 978-981-14-6833-9, 2020
In this handbook, the authors provide a practical, easily accessible guide of necropsy techniques for examining wildlife. Chapters introduce the reader to the value of necropsy in studying wildlife in general, sample collection methods, cadaveric phenomena and necropsy techniques for a variety of organisms ranging from invertebrates to mammals. The book addresses some of the peculiar characteristics of veterinary autopsy specific to different types of specimens. The goal of this book is to equip the reader with the information necessary to conduct a forensic examination in order to reach a conclusive diagnosis of an animal’s death, while also understanding it in an ecological context.
Necropsy Techniques for Examining Wildlife Samples is intended as an essential handbook for students and professionals of biology, zoology and veterinary medicine as well as professionals, who work in natural parks, wildlife rehabilitation centers and biological or zoological parks as conservationists, researchers or animal handlers.
Editor(s): Yusuf Tutar
eISBN: 978-981-14-6486-7, 2020
This handbook covers some primary instruments-based techniques used in modern biological science and medical research programs. Key features of the book include introductory notes for each topic, a systematic presentation of relevant methods, and troubleshooting guides for practical settings.
Topics covered in part 2 include:
· Fourier transform mid-infrared (FT-MIR) spectroscopy
· High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)
· Raman spectroscopy
· Circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy
· Transmission electron microscopy (TEM)
· Scanning electron microscopy (SEM)
· SEM-EDX and its applications in plant science
This book is a simple, useful handbook for students and teachers involved in graduate courses in life sciences and medicine. Readers will learn about the basics of featured techniques, the relevant applications and the established protocols.
Author(s): Marco Brito-Arias
eISBN: 978-981-14-6090-6, 2020
Multidisciplinary research involving crystallography, kinetic studies, molecular docking, genetics and other techniques in biochemistry has yielded a wealth of knowledge about the reaction mechanisms in cellular processes. This knowledge has allowed researchers to understand, in a better way, the normal functioning of the cell process, which is used as a reference point for learning about and preventing or correcting pathologies that cause diseases.
This enzymology reference is a thorough compendium about reaction mechanisms occurring between the major enzymes related to the biosynthetic pathways of 3 important types of biological compounds – 6-carbon carbohydrates, fatty acids and amino acids – and their substrates, cofactors and residues. Readers will gain an understanding of the interaction between substrates or ligands with specific amino acid residues in biosynthetic enzymes. This understanding builds a foundation for learning about the biochemistry of different inhibitors used in the treatment of several diseases such as cancer, infectious diseases, and metabolic syndrome alterations such as diabetes and obesity.
Enzymes covered in the book include aldolases, isomerases, kinases, mutases, synthases, dehydrogenases, reductases, transferases, hydrolases, lyases among others, all of which are wide spread in biochemical transformations.
This reference, with its insights on common biochemical enzymes serves as a handy guide for students, researchers and professionals involved academia or industry related to pharmaceutical development, healthcare, food chemistry and other disciplines.
Editor(s): Manoj K. Pandey and Vijay P. Kale
eISBN: 978-981-14-5811-8, 2020
ISBN: 978-981-14-5809-5 ISSN: 2737-4424 (Print) ISSN: 2737-4432 (Online)