Background: Recently, it was demonstrated in a series of experiments that a specifically
designed odor inhaler outperformed well-known and popular stress relieving techniques.
In another study it was shown that odor inhalers increased attention and concentration
in a demanding cognitive task.
Objective: This paper follows up on these experiments and investigates whether such effects
can also be found for an inhaler specially designed to reduce pain.
Method: Two prospective randomized, controlled cross-over documentary studies were conducted
comparing participants’ individual pain management (menstrual pain and chronic
lower back pain) with an odor inhaler used as an adjuvant.
Results: The odor inhaler improved pain dynamics like onset of pain and pain duration for
both menstrual pain and lower back pain in a natural setting. In individuals suffering from
chronic lower back pain, the inhaler also increased the pain alleviating effect of the individual
pain management method. In both studies mood and well-being were considerably increased
when the inhaler was applied. No side effects were reported.
Conclusions: Even highly effective individual pain-relieving methods benefit from the use of
this odor inhaler by changing pain dynamics and improving pain relief. Therefore, it helps to
facilitate and amplify pain management.