Diabetes is a growing health epidemic in the United States. Racial and ethnic minorities are
disproportionately affected by diabetes and associated comorbidities and complications. The present review
article aims to characterize the various ways in which minority populations are affected by diabetes.
We address differences in prevalence of diabetes and associated conditions that include cardiovascular
disease, hypertension, microvascular complications, and mortality. Additionally, we discuss factors
that contribute to disparate diabetes-related outcomes, including physiology, culture and healthsystems.
Finally, we look at outcomes of various interventions taken to address health disparities in diabetes
care, specifically in racial and ethnic minority populations.