ISSN (Print): 2468-4228
ISSN (Online): 2468-4236
ISSN (Print): 2468-4228
ISSN (Online): 2468-4236
Aims & Scope
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Author(s): Lawrence M. Agius
eISBN: 978-1-60805-032-1, 2009
This book presents a series of clinical and pathologic observations that are thought to contribute to progressive incremental severity in neuronal cell loss and tissue atrophy in the cerebral cortex. The book includes a critical reappraisal of lesions in conditions such as Alzheimer's disease. Common disorders such as cardiovascular disease appear to be prime inducing agents in neurodegenerative diseases. These observations should help researchers to reevaluate the investigative approach towards diseases of the central nervous system. The style follows the current text adopted by morphologists in terms that allow for further investigation by research workers. The text represents an attempt to generate a refreshing viewpoint of end stage CNS disorders that follow a long pre-clinical pathogenic course implicating common generically related and interacting etiologic agents. This book is meant to be a useful guide for researchers and clinicians interested in the development and treatment of CNS disorders.
Editor(s): Herman S. Cheung
eISBN: 978-1-60805-008-6, 2010
The potential use of stem cells in transplantation for the purpose of tissue regeneration is an exciting area of research currently undergoing rapid development. Implantation of human embryonic or autologous, ex vivo-expanded adult stem cells, particularly in older individuals, could circumvent the limited availability of organs/tissues as well as prevent complications related to immune rejection and disease transmission. Musculoskeletal tissue degeneration is closely associated with aging. Strategies employing autologous adult MSCs from older individuals for transplantation in order to regenerate their own ailing organ or tissues require that we vigorously define MSCs capacity to maintain growth potential and differentiation potential into the desirable cell lineages. We are currently restricted by the limited knowledge about physical parameters, such as biomechanical forces, that influence MSC growth and differentiation capacities. This is particularly important for MSCs isolated from older individuals, for whom little information is available. This special volume aims to serve as an impetus in generating more interest among stem cell researchers and biotechnologists to improve and develop the cell-based therapies of damaged tissue using stem cells.
Editor(s): Maricela Rodriguez-Cruz and Mardia López-Alarcón
eISBN: 978-1-60805-177-9, 2011
This E-book covers the main aspects about the benefits of omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) to human health. The knowledge of physiological effects of LC-PUFAs at different levels is constantly expanding. Topics covered over 10 chapters thoroughly detail the role of omega-3 LCPUFAs in nutrition (gene regulation) and disease (clinical applications); information about food sources and recent intake recommendations is also explained. This book also discusses current data concerning the role of LC-PUFAs during pregnancy and lactation, in cognitive function, immune response, allergy, asthma, cardiovascular diseases, depression, obesity, and insulin resistance. The book should be useful for advanced graduate students, public health officials as well as researchers working with LC-PUFAs.
Author(s): Andy Petroianu
eISBN: 978-1-60805-273-8, 2011
The spleen is an organ responsible for many biological functions, such as immunological defense, the removal of foreign particles from the blood stream, the metabolism of bilirubins, lipids and several amino acids, the control of the number and maturity of blood leukocytes and platelets and haematopoesis.
This book is a collection of medical methods written exclusively to show the spleen in relation to basic sciences (anatomy and physiology) and related clinical practice and is a useful resource for clinical physicians, haematologists, oncologists, general surgeons, oncologic surgeons, trauma surgeons, resident physicians and medical students.
Author(s): Lawrence M. Agius
eISBN: 978-1-60805-266-0, 2011
This e-book explains the essential role of angiogenesis in the progression and spread of the neoplasm, including the mechanics of initial carcinogenesis in promoting malignant transformation. The e-book deals with specific categories or subtypes of tumors with some emphasis on astrocytomas and glioblastoma multiforme. The process of carcinogenesis has been re-interpreted in terms of deranged physiologic principles and hence reference is made to what upsets homeostatic mechanisms. Readers of this e-book will have an opportunity to appreciate the essential role of angiogenesis not only in progression and spread of the neoplasm but especially also in the mechanics of initial carcinogenesis in promoting malignant transformation. This e-book should be a useful reference for scholars and clinicians interested in learning about cancer pathophysiology.
Editor(s): Domenico Ribatti
eISBN: 978-1-60805-004-8, 2009
The book presents recent advances in the field of angiogenesis and antiangiogenesis. Starting with the hypothesis of Judah Folkman that tumor growth is angiogenesis dependent, this area of research now has a solid scientific foundation. Tumor growth, metastasis, progression, dormancy and apoptosis depend on angiogenesis: several clinical studies have shown a positive correlation between the number of vessels in the tumor, metastasis formation and disease prognosis. A number of approaches have been developed to inhibit tumor angiogenesis, and numerous compounds discovered that inhibit angiogenesis, but only a few of them proved effective in vivo and only a couple of agents were able to induce tumor regression. These and other related developments described in the book should prove to be of interest to a large number of readers wishing to keep abreast with the latest developments in the field.
Editor(s): Thomas C. Chen
Co-Editor(s): Marc Chamberlain
eISBN: 978-1-60805-132-8, 2010
ISBN: 978-1-60805-519-7 ISSN: 2210-5565 (Print)
Neuro-oncology is an embryonic field of cancer research with a number of clinical trials in progress. However, the prognosis on neuro-oncologic patients has remained poor. Moreover, several small scale phase I/II trials performed have proved to be inconclusive because of the limited number of patients involved. As a result, many controversies exist in neuro-oncology drug development for which a forum does not exist. This ebook presents a detailed account on the use of avastin in treating cancer patients. A discussion on clinical experiences and the controversial debate among researchers of avastin's role in restricting malignant gliomas is also included giving readers a diverse perspective on the rationale of treating CNS tumors.
Editor(s): Claudio Hetz
eISBN: 978-1-60805-013-0, 2009
Neurodegenerative disorders such as Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Alzheimer’s disease (AD), Parkinson’s disease (PD), Prion-related disorders (PrD) and Huntington’s disease (HD) share a common neuropathology, primarily featuring the presence of abnormal protein inclusions containing specific misfolded proteins. These groups of diseases are now classified as Protein Misfolding Disorders. This Ebook gives a comprehensive overview of the possible mechanisms involved in Protein Misfolding Disorders and possible therapeutic strategies to treat these diseases. The Ebook provides the most recent evidence addressing the role of cellular stress responses to neurological diseases, along with therapeutic strategies to alleviate ER stress in a disease context.
Editor(s): Massimo Alfano
eISBN: 978-1-60805-006-2, 2010
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection represents one of the biggest challenges of current years. However, scientists and physicians still do not have an efficient therapy for preventing or eradicating the virus. The selection of drug-resistant strains as well as side-effects, represent common problems encountered in all anti-viral therapies. However, it has been clearly demonstrated that the potency of early immune responses profoundly regulates levels of HIV, and hence also the generation of virus mutants as well as the velocity of disease progression to AIDS.
A prominent feature of this e-book is the focus on interaction between innate immunity and HIV infection. This topic has been investigated by many authors from the late 80's, and many soluble factors responsible for such activity have been discovered, such as suPAR and HMGB1. At present, these two novel factors are the subject of very intense research on HIV infections.
A key advantage of this e-book is the selection of authors, recognized worldwide as leading experts in their field. Because of the comprehensive coverage, as well as the eminence of the authors, this e-book provides a detailed and high quality description about the role of innate immune responses regulating HIV replication. It should prove to be a useful resource for readers interested in immunology and HIV research.
Author(s): Wael AlJaroudi
eISBN: 978-1-60805-088-8, 2010
With the success in the surgical treatment of congenital heart disease, the population of adults with congenital heart disease requiring imaging is soaring. The Role of Imaging in Adults with Congenital Heart Disease: A State-of-the-Art Review is a practical reference guide that covers each major category of congenital heart disease, providing an overview of the diseases as well as specific imaging recommendations for each disease. This Ebook has been written for cardiologists who encounter adults with congenital heart disease in clinical practice as an aid to help these patients with appropriate imaging. Additionally, the Ebook includes numerous color illustrations of the imaging modalities used, as well as a full appendix of additional images. It also includes a summary of the 2008 ACC/AHA Guidelines for Management of Adults with Congenital Heart Disease as a second appendix. It is considered essential reading for practitioners in this field.
Editor(s): Octavian C. Ioachimescu
Guest-Editor(s): Teofilo Lee-Chiong
eISBN: 978-1-60805-267-7, 2011
Contemporary Sleep Medicine should be of interest to a large number of readers interested in sleep medicine. It is divided into two parts – one for patients or simple readers and another for physicians or advanced readers. The Ebook explores new research grounds for sleep disorders. These include novel methodologies for epidemiological research and strategies for curing individuals who suffer from sleep disorders. The volumes seek to update interested readers on the latest advances in the uncharted territory of sleep medicine.
Editor(s): Vaclav Vetvicka
Co-Editor(s): Miroslav Novak
eISBN: 978-1-60805-210-3, 2011
ISBN: 978-1-60805-706-1 ISSN: 2211-0526 (Print)
β-Glucan is generally considered to be a very safe immunomodulator. It is a well-known biological response modifier (BRM) that has been used as an adjuvant therapy for cancer since 1980, mostly in Japan. β-Glucan enhances the innate host defense against certain bacteria, yeast, and viral pathogens. I addition, glucans are also considered to be important in prophylaxis against irradiation. Various types of glucans are now routinely added both to human and animal food. At least 26 clinical trials are currently under way in several countries. The authors of this ebook have selected and brought together information on both theoretical and practical aspects of β-glucan use. The book is suitable for readers seeking timely and precise information on β-glucan history and various biological effects including possible use in the treatment of various diseases, without having any preliminary knowledge of natural immunomodulators. The book should not only provide an inspiration for carbohydrate and clinical chemists for further investigations in biomedicine, but it also presents a number of practical applicable results in immunology