ISSN (Print): 2468-1873
ISSN (Online): 2468-1881
Volume 10, 4 Issues, 2020
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ISSN (Print): 2468-1873
ISSN (Online): 2468-1881
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Editor(s): Mark Slevin
eISBN: 978-1-60805-131-1, 2012
Nanotechnology promises new medical therapies, more rapid and sensitive diagnostic and investigative tools for normal and diseased tissues, and new materials for tissue engineering. This e-book highlights the major current uses, new technologies and future perspectives of nanotechnology in relation to medical applications. Sections in this e-book include nanobiological approaches to imaging, diagnosis and treatment of disease using targeted monoclonal antibodies and siRNA, the medical use of nanomaterials, to nanoelectronic biosensors, and possible future applications of molecular nanotechnology for cell repair. The book also covers current problems associated with nanotechnology, including an understanding of issues related to toxicity and the environmental impact of nanoscale materials. The book should be of interest to biomedical technologists, medical doctors and students of taught courses in nanotechnology at both undergraduate and post-graduate (MSc) levels.
Editor(s): Jianye Li, Deli Wang and Ray R. LaPierre
eISBN: 978-1-60805-052-9, 2011
Semiconductor nanowires exhibit novel electronic and optical properties due to their unique one-dimensional structure and quantum confinement effects. In particular, III-V semiconductor nanowires have been of great scientific and technological interest for next generation optoelectronic devices including transistors, light emitting diodes, lasers, photodetectors, and solar cells. Advances in III-V Semiconductor Nanowires and Nanodevices is an account of recent progress in the synthesis, characterization, physical properties, device fabrication, and applications of binary compound and ternary alloy III-V semiconductor nanowires. Each chapter is prepared by renowned experts in the field, describing the current state of knowledge and key areas of research. The book is written at the expert level, but also serves as a guide for researchers or graduate students aiming to enter semiconductor research.
Editor(s): Sunil Kumar Bajpai and Murali Mohan Yallapu
eISBN: 978-1-60805-053-6, 2009
The present Ebook deals with various strategies that have frequently been followed to fabricate nanostructures of required size and shape, and with required functionalities to enable them to be used in a wide spectrum of industrial, biomedical and technological applications. This Ebook presents unique novel methodologies of synthesis of nanoparticles by various means.
Author(s): Songjun Li, Yi Ge and He Li
eISBN: 978-1-60805-241-7, 2012
There is considerable interest in reliable and affordable sensor and detection systems. Recent concerns about environmental exposure to both biological and chemical agents have been critical to the development of new sensor and detector technologies. New materials are being developed to meet the challenges ahead. Smart nanomaterials appear to be a key solution to these challenges. This e-book summarizes current progress in sensor applications of smart nanomaterials. It should be a useful resource for materials scientists and readers interested in nanotechnology for biosensors.
Editor(s): Xing Chen
eISBN: 978-1-60805-147-2, 2012
The Microfabrication technology has stimulated a plurality of lab-on-a-chip research for biomedical researchers and health care practitioners to manipulate and analyze complex biological fluids at the nano and microliter scale. Specifically, various miniaturized diagnostic devices have been developed for blood sample detection, which can increase diagnostic capacity significantly by enabling rapid, point-of-care chemical analysis. Recently, more and more researchers are paying attention to on-chip whole blood sample pretreatment, which is the focus of this eBook, aiming to form real Micro Total Analysis Systems (uTAS) for whole blood analysis by integrating blood sample pre-treatment and detection together.
The eBook consists of six chapters. Chapter 1 gives a brief introduction on the background of whole blood and the concept of µTAS, followed by a summary of specific microfluidic chips for whole blood pretreatment. Chapter 2 firstly reviews microfluidic chips for plasma isolation from whole blood samples with various methodologies (i.e., microfiltration, microcentrifugation, ultrasound, Zweifach–Fung effect and capillary effect). Then two examples using the plasma skimming effect and crossflow filtration respectively are discussed in detail. Chapter 3 firstly reviews microfluidic devices for blood cell filtrating, sorting and collection. Sorting methods such as size filtration, optical and magnetic manipulation, affinity separation, dielectrophoretic manipulation are covered and compared. Then a case study using crossflow filtration is analyzed in detail. Chapter 4 firstly reviews reported microfluidic devices for blood cell lysis in which mechanical lysis, sonication lysis, thermal lysis, electrical lysis, chemical lysis and optical lysis are covered. And then a cell lysis microchip using chemical agents for cell lysis is chosen as an example for further concept demonstration. Chapter 5 firstly reviews microfluidic devices for DNA extraction and purification by comparing reported methods of solid phase extraction, solid phase reversible immobilization and liquid/liquid extraction. And then two microchips with different solid phase matrixes are used for demonstration of chip based DNA extraction. Chapter 6 firstly reviews current integrated microfluidic platforms for blood pretreatment, followed by a case study.
Both fundamental analysis and specific applications are presented in this eBook, which is written for researchers, engineers, and advanced students who have research interest in whole blood pretreatment and miniaturized techniques.
We would like to express our appreciation to Bentham Science Publishers and their team members.
Editor(s): Haseeb Ahmad Khan and Ibrahim Abdulwahid Arif
eISBN: 978-1-60805-283-7, 2012
Toxic Effects of Nanomaterials provides an authoritative work of international experts in the field of nanotoxicology spanning 8 chapters. A key feature of the e-book is a broad coverage of phytotoxicity of nanoparticles, which is largely neglected in many texts. The first couple of chapters of this book deal with the toxicity of nanoparticles in plants. This is followed by a discussion on the toxicities of iron oxide, titanium oxide and silicon oxide nanoparticles. Next, the volume provides a comprehensive review of methodologies used in nanotoxicology surveys. The concluding chapters highlight the risks associated with the use of nanoparticles and the environmental impact of nanomaterials. Such a broad coverage of nanotoxicology renders this book highly beneficial to the scientists from multidisciplinary areas including nanotechnologists, toxicologists, pharmacologists, environmental chemists and biomedical scientists. This book would equally be useful for the individuals advocating for sustainable use of nanotechnology.
Author(s): Alexander D. Pogrebnjak and Vyacheslav M. Beresnev
eISBN: 978-1-60805-416-9, 2012
This Reference eBook deals with an existing classification of a nanosized structure and an analysis of its properties. It summarizes an information about how a grain size affects physical, mechanical, thermal, and other properties of a nanostructured material. A basic method, which is employed for a fabrication of an isolated nanoparticle, an ultradisperse powder, a compact nanocystalline, nanoporous, and amorphous material, a fullerene, a nanotube, and a nanostuctured coating, is considered. Investigation methods, which are applied to study the nanostructured material, are briefly described. A modern understanding of a formation of the nanostructured and nanocomposite coating, which are fabricated using a ion-plasma deposition method, is reposted. A potential application of the nanostructured material and coating in a field of engineering is demonstrated.
Readership: Graduate, Postgraduate, Ph.D. Students, Researchers and Industry Professionals.
The eBook contains 9 Chapters, 87 Figures, 14 Tables, 411 References-totally, 155 Pages. It was approved by two Scientific Boards from National Kharkov University and Sumy State University.
A main content of this eBook is a basis for lectures presented for students at Sumy State University (the Physical-Technical Faculty), Kharkov National University (the Physical Faculty), Omsk State University (the Physical Faculty, the Department of Material Science), East-Kazakhstan State Technical University (Ust-Kamenogorsk, Kazakhstan), and Moscow State University (the Physical Faculty, Moscow, Russia).
A source of this eBook is original papers of leading world-known scientists, who ware involved in a field of new nano composite material fabrication, nanotechnologies, and researches. This version had not been published elsewhere. It is interesting for a wide circle of specialists, Masters, aspirants, scientific researchers, and a technical staff of Higher Education System, Research Institutes and Laboratories. It covers recent data since 2008 to 2010 year.
Author(s): Xuesong Han
eISBN: 978-1-60805-769-6, 2014
Recent advances in science and technology such as online monitoring techniques, coupling of various processing methods, surface characterization and measurement techniques have greatly promoted the development of ultraprecise machining technology. This precision now falls into the micrometer and nanometer range - hence the name micro & nanomachining technology (MNT).
Machining is a complex phenomenon associated with a variety of different mechanical, physical, and chemical processes.
Common principles defining control mechanisms such as O Jamie de geometry, Newton mechanics, Macroscopic Thermodynamics and Electromagnetics are not applicable to phenomena occurring at the nanometer scale whereas quantum effects, wave characteristics and the microscopic fluctuation become the dominant factors. A remarkable enhancement in computational capability through advanced computer hardware and high performance computation techniques (parallel computation) has enabled researchers to employ large scale parallel numerical simulations to investigate micro & nanomachining technologies and gain insights into related processes.
Micro and Nanomachining Technology - Size, Model and Complex Mechanism introduces readers to the basics of micro & nanomachining (MNT) technology and covers some of the above techniques including molecular dynamics and finite element simulations, as well as complexity property and multiscale MNT methods.
This book meets the growing need of Masters students or Ph.D. students studying nanotechnology, mechanical engineering or materials engineering, allowing them to understand the design and process issues associated with precision machine tools and the fabrication of precision components.
Editor(s): Surya Prakash Singh
eISBN: 978-1-60805-958-4, 2015
Mankind’s search for alternative energy sources to oil and gas reserves has been fueled by increasing energy demands and technological developments. Today, the prospect of harvesting energy from new sources is a major issue in scientific and economic discourse and will remain to be so in the future decades to come. Sunlight is known as a reliable and renewable energy source which can be utilized to meet forthcoming energy demand if it is exploited in an efficient manner. Light harvesting nanomaterials represent one way in which this can be achieved through biomimetics or artificially designed supramolecular structures. This eBook brings together facts about the underlying principles and theory about light harvesting systems. It presents interdisciplinary research work with emphasis on nanoscale objects used to harvest light.
Light Harvesting Nanomaterials details a broad range of systems including solar cells which involve hybrid materials to durable tetrapyrrolic sensitizers and other nanopolymer based systems. This eBook is a valuable reference for advanced readers interested in novel technologies that utilize light energy for functional and technical benefits.
Editor(s): Maria Luisa Bondì Bondì
Co-Editor(s): Chiara Botto and Erika Amore
eISBN: 978-1-68108-046-8, 2015
ISBN: 978-1-68108-047-5 ISSN: 2405-9129 (Print) ISSN: 2405-9137 (Online)
Frontiers in Nanomedicine offers an up-to-date understanding of nanomaterials to readers having clinical or biomolecular research interests. Scientists, both aspiring and experienced, will find, in each volume, a comprehensive overview of current molecular strategies for using nanoscale materials in medicine. This volume explains the use of nanotechnology in medicine to improve the diagnosis of disease and the role of nanoparticles in targeted drug delivery systems for theranostic applications. This volume also covers the applications of nanoparticles in breast cancer research, liver disease therapy and Alzheimer’s disease treatment.
Editor(s): Giovanni Tosi
eISBN: 978-1-68108-493-0, 2017
ISBN: 978-1-68108-494-7 ISSN: 2405-9129 (Print) ISSN: 2405-9137 (Online)
Frontiers in Nanomedicine offers an up-to-date understanding of nanomaterials to readers having clinical or biomolecular research interests. Scientists, both aspiring and experienced, will find, in each volume, a comprehensive overview of current molecular strategies for using nanoscale materials in medicine.
Nanomedicine and Neurosciences: Advantages, Limitations and Safety Aspects presents different aspects of nanomedicine applied to neuroscience for the diagnosis of disease and the role of nanoparticles in targeted drug delivery systems for neurodegenerative disorders. Topics covered in this volume cover the physiology of neurodegeneration, targeted therapies for Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease, blood brain barrier drug delivery systems, in vivo studies of drug nanoconjugates, nanomedicine safety, and more.
Author(s): Volodya A. Harutyunyan
eISBN: 978-1-68108-080-2, 2015
This volume investigates the theory of the effect of static electric fields on one-electron states in. nanocylindrical and nanospherical heterolayers and quantized semiconductor films.
Homogeneous external electrostatic field for all these structures has been considered as a "universal" modulating factor. For structures with radial symmetry, a study on the influence of radial static field and the electric field of a charged ring on one-electron states is presented. Chapters focusing on homogeneous field effect on low-dimensional excitonic states in the quantized films and quantum wires - in both wide bandgap and narrowband semiconductors - are also included. Other contents include calculations weak, moderate and strong electric fields, quantum-mechanical approximation and perturbation theory, the quasi-classical approximation (WKB method). Readers will benefit from the varied methodological to the subject which gives them a concrete analytical framework to solve problems related to nanoscale semiconductor design. The reference should prove to be useful to academics and professionals working in semiconductor nanoelectronics research and development.