Artificial intelligence against COVID-19 Pandemic: A Comprehensive Insight
COVID-19 is a pandemic initially identified in Wuhan, China, which is caused by a novel coronavirus, also recognized as the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-nCoV-2). Unlike other coronaviruses, this novel pathogen may cause unusual contagious pain which results in viral pneumonia, serious heart problems, and even death. Researchers worldwide are continuously striving to develop a cure for this highly infective disease, yet there are no well-defined absolute treatments available at present. Several vaccination drives with emergency use authorisation vaccines are being done across many countries, however, their long term efficacy and side-effects study are yet to be done. The research community is analysing the situation by collecting the datasets from various sources. Healthcare professionals must thoroughly analyse the situation, devise preventive measures for this pandemic, and even develop possible drug combinations. Various analytical and statistical models have been developed, however, their outcome rate is prolonged. Thus, modern science stresses on the application of state-of-the-art methods in this combat against COVID-19. The application of Artificial intelligence (AI), and AI-driven tools are emerging as effective tools, especially with X-Ray and CT-Scan imaging data of infected subjects, infection trend predictions etc. The high efficacy of these AI systems can be observed in terms of highly accurate results, i.e. >95%, as reported in various studies. AI-driven tools are being used in COVID diagnostic, therapeutics, trend prediction, drug design and prevention to help fight against this pandemic. This paper aims to provide a deep insight into the comprehensive literature about AI and AI-driven tools in this battle against the COVID-19 pandemic. The extensive literature is divided into five sections, each describing the application of AI against COVID-19 viz. COVID-19 Prevention, diagnostic, infection spread trend prediction, therapeutic and drug repurposing.
Journal Title: Current Medical Imaging