The Effect of Additional Polyethylene Glycol (PEG) as Coating Fe3O4 for Magnetic Nanofluid Applications
Background & Objective: Magnetic nanofluid is a special class of nanofluid that exhibits both magnetic and fluid properties. The main purpose of using magnetic nanofluid as a heat transfer medium comes from the possibility of controlling the flow and the heat transfer process through an external magnetic field. This research aims at identifying the effect of adding polyethylene glycol (PEG) to magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles for magnetic nanofluid applications.
Method: The nanofluid were prepared by synthesizing Fe3O4 nanoparticles using the chemical precipitation method, and then dispersed in distilled water using a sonicator.
Results: The result of XRD is that nanoparticles had inverse spinel structures and the smallest crystallite size is found in the Fe3O4@PEG-6000 samples. FE-SEM and TEM show that the addition of PEG can reduce the Fe3O4 agglomeration and the smallest particle size is found in the Fe3O4@PEG-6000 samples. The result of FT-IR shows that there is a surface modification of Fe3O4 nanoparticles and PEG polymer. The result of VSM shows the coercivity value is small so that the sample is superparamagnetic material. The addition of PEG increases the thermal conductivity of Fe3O4 nanoparticles.
Conclusion: The addition of PEG makes particle size smaller, reduce the agglomeration and increases the thermal conductivity, so that it is potential for magnetic nanofluid applications.
Journal Title: Recent Innovations in Chemical Engineering