Advances in Genome Science

Volume: 4

Perspectives on Systematic Analyses of Gene Function in Arabidopsis thaliana: New Tools, Topics and Trends

Author(s): Cordelia Bolle, Anja Schneider and Dario Leister

Pp: 143-172 (30)

Doi: 10.2174/9781681081731116040009

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)

Abstract

Since the sequencing of the nuclear genome of Arabidopsis thaliana more than ten years ago, various large-scale analyses of gene function have been performed in this model species. In particular, the availability of collections of lines harbouring random T-DNA or transposon insertions, which include mutants for almost all of the ~28,000 A. thaliana genes, has been crucial for the success of forward and reverse genetic approaches. In the foreseeable future, genome-wide phenotypic data from mutant analyses will become available for Arabidopsis, and will stimulate a flood of novel in-depth gene-function analyses. In this review, we consider the present status of resources and concepts for systematic studies of gene function in A. thaliana. Current perspectives on the utility of loss-of-function and gain-of-function mutants will be discussed in light of the genetic and functional redundancy of many A. thaliana genes.


Keywords: Arabidopsis thaliana, EMS, forward genetics, gain of function, loss of function, mutant, mutation, phenotype, reverse genetics, transposon, T-DNA.

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