Biodiversity and Biogeographic Patterns in Asia-Pacific Region I: Statistical Methods and Case Studies

Quantifying the Relative Contribution of Climatic Variability and Dispersal Limitation on the Distribution of Endemic Birds of Mainland China Using Spatial Point Pattern Analysis

Author(s): Youhua Chen

Pp: 113-119 (7)

DOI: 10.2174/9781681080154115010017

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


In this chapter, the relative importance of climatic variability and dispersal limitation on the distribution of endemic birds in mainland territorial region of China is analyzed using inhomogeneous Poisson process models. Model comparison is performed through Akaike Information Criteria (AIC). The results showed that, over the 42 species studied, climatic variability was more important than dispersal limitation for explaining the spatial distributional patterns of 6 species. In contrast, the spatial distribution of 10 species was better explained by the dispersal limitation mechanism. Both climatic variability and dispersal limitation play equal roles on structuring the spatial distributional record patterns of the remaining 26 endemic bird species. In conclusion, different species responses climatic fluctuation in various ways and their migration over neighboring regions may result into the diversified influence of dispersal limitation and climatic variability. Dispersal limitation seems more important than climatic variability on structuring the distribution of endemic taxa, at least for the endemic birds of mainland China.

Keywords: Akaike Information Criteria, avian endemism, climatic niche, dispersal limitation, distributional patterns, endemic species, homogeneous processes, model comparison, niche versus neutrality, spatial ecology, spatial statistics.

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