Evidence-Based Occlusal Management for Temporomandibular Disorders

Causes and Contributing Factors of Temporomandibular Disorders

Author(s): Kengo Torii

Pp: 20-34 (15)

Doi: 10.2174/9781608057832115010004

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


Various contributing factors for temporomandibular disorders have been enumerated; occlusal factors, trauma, habits (bruxism, lip-, tongue-, and nail-biting) and psychological factors. However, prominent factors have not been found.

Keywords: Occlusion, habits, trauma, contributing factors, grinding, clenching, myofascial pain, muscle tenderness, headache, occlusal interferences, osteoarthrosis, clicking, crepitation, malocclusion, psychological factor.

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