Recent Advances in Medicinal Chemistry

Volume: 1

Preclinical Studies of Saponins for Tumor Therapy

Author(s): Christopher Bachran, Silke Bachran, Mark Sutherland, Diana Bachran and Hendrik Fuchs

Pp: 272-302 (31)

DOI: 10.2174/9781608057962114010012

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


Various saponins, plant glycosides with favorable anti-tumorigenic properties, have been used to inhibit tumor cell growth by cell cycle arrest and apoptosis with IC50 values of up to 0.2 μM. We describe several groups of saponins (dioscins, saikosaponins, julibrosides, soy saponins, ginseng saponins and avicins) currently investigated for their use in tumor therapy. We focus on cellular and systemic mechanisms of tumor cell growth inhibition both in vitro and in vivo, combinational approaches with saponins and conventional tumor treatment strategies, and successful syntheses of saponins. The increasing interest in saponins for tumor therapy is very promising for the future development of sophisticated anti-cancer drugs.

Keywords: Cancer, cytotoxicity, glycoside, saponin, steroid, tumor therapy, triterpenoid.

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