Latest Advances in Clinical and Pre-Clinical Cardiovascular MRI

Mapping Myocardial Fiber Structure Using Diffusion Tensor Imaging

Author(s): Osama Abdullah, Arnold David Gomez, Christopher L. Welsh and Edward Hsu

Pp: 199-223 (25)

DOI: 10.2174/9781608058068114010012

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


Understanding of the structural-functional relationships of the heart, in both normal and diseased states, is not complete without incorporating precise knowledge of the underlying tissue microstructure, in terms of myocyte organization and orientation. By probing the effects on the diffusion of water molecules exerted by their microscopic environment, magnetic resonance diffusion tensor imaging (MR-DTI, or DTI for short) has emerged as a promising alternative to conventional histology for mapping fiber organization in ordered tissues such as the myocardium. In this chapter, the basic principles and recent advances in mapping myocardial structure using DTI are reviewed. Instances when DTI has advanced the understanding of the functionalstructural relationship in the heart are also highlighted.

Keywords: Diffusion-weighted MRI, diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), helix angle, sheet angle, fractional anisotropy, mean diffusivity, tractography, myocardium, left ventricle, right handed fibers, left handed fibers, circumferential fibers, motion effects, ischemic disease, non-ischemic disease, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, dyssynchronous heart failure.

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