Latest Advances in Clinical and Pre-Clinical Cardiovascular MRI

Flow Quantification: 1D to 4D

Author(s): Christopher J. Francois

Pp: 84-106 (23)

DOI: 10.2174/9781608058068114010008

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


Flow quantification with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is an established method for assessing patients with a variety of cardiovascular diseases, particularly valvular heart disease and congenital heart disease. This chapter reviews basic MR physics and clinical applications for flow quantification, from one-directional flowsensitive MR to time-resolved, three-directional flow-sensitive MR.

Keywords: MR Flow, phase contrast, flow quantification, 4D flow MR, congenital heart disease, valvular heart disease.

Related Journals
Related Books
© 2024 Bentham Science Publishers | Privacy Policy