Learning Why and How: A Reader in Managing Nonprofit and Voluntary Organizations

Organizational Theories

Author(s): Rita S. Mano

Pp: 15-29 (15)

DOI: 10.2174/978160805451011201010015

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


Organizations are social entities that operate in complex task environments. The importance of environment al effects suggests that organizations operate as systems and understanding the organizational environment is essential to understanding the emergence of nonprofits characteristics their structures. The chapter addresses the economic, social and technological contexts of the nonprofits referring to the institutional, technical and stakeholders’ theories. The chapter introduces the concepts of external and internal environments, public and private stakeholders and variations in influence of these stakeholders on non profit management and decision making.

Keywords: Organizational theories, institutional and technical perspectives, types of stakeholders, decision making, environment.

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