Intelligent Technologies for Research and Engineering

Volume: 2

Study of groundwater contamination and its Impact: a Review

Author(s): Subbulakshmi Ganesan*, Rekha Mirle, Akhilesh Kallumpurat, Ashwathi Vijayan and K. Gloria Christal

Pp: 157-165 (9)

DOI: 10.2174/9789815165586124020013

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


The groundwater cycle is one of the most vital elements of life. This is the sole cardinal provenance of potable agricultural and industrial water. Underground water may be of good quality for cooking and drinking (potable) or it can be medium quality (domestic and industrial) or have another inappropriate quality for any use due to various contaminations. Heavy metals, minerals, and other factors can be present in the water. Septic systems can be contaminated by natural and artificial sources. There are many artificial polluting sources, such as chemicals, fertilizers, and mining activities, and there are also natural ones, such as seawater intrusion, geothermal brine seepage, and rock water leaching. Health hazards are associated with contaminated water. Groundwater contamination can lead to degrading surface water systems, loss of water supply, poor quality, or even no, and drinking water. It is well known that water is an essential part of life, and all animals, including humans, need water in order to persist. Throughout this paper, we have examined the health effects, environmental impacts, and prevention of groundwater contamination.

Keywords: Aquifers, Bioaccumulation, Eutrophication, Geothermal brine infiltration, Groundwater contamination.

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