AIoT and Big Data Analytics for Smart Healthcare Applications

Brain Stroke Prediction Using Deep Learning

Author(s): N.V. Maha Lakshmi, Sri Silpa Padmanabhuni*, B. Hanumantha Rao, T. Krupa Nandini, T. Sai Teja and U. Vamsidhar Reddy

Pp: 166-178 (13)

DOI: 10.2174/9789815196054123050012

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


A brain stroke is a disruption of blood circulation to the cerebrum. As per recent analysis, adult death and disability are primarily brought over by brain stroke. The World Health Organization (WHO), reports that the primary cause of death and property damage worldwide is brain stroke. Early detection of the signs and symptoms of a stroke can help to reduce risk factor of death by up to 50%. A stroke is more likely to occur in adults over the age of 55. An increasing number of people are experiencing this crippling and frequently fatal form of stroke, which results in cerebral hemorrhage. Various machine learning (ML) models were developed to predict the possibility that a brain stroke would occur. To predict the brain stroke, the proposed system used the CNN algorithm. The existing approaches are k-NN, Support Vector Machine (SVM), Genetic Algorithm (GA), Naïve Bayes classifier, J48 algorithm, Logistic Regression (LR) and Random Forest (RF). This requires more time to train the model and it is difficult to debug. And these are not suitable for large datasets. The proposed system makes predictions using CNN algorithm, a deep learning technique. It includes a multilayer perceptron for the prediction task and an autoencoder for eliminating and capturing non-linear correlations between parameters. The proposed system is contrasted with existing system and it shows an enhancement in the capability to anticipate the stroke. The proposed system achieved an accuracy of 89%.

Keywords: Convolution Neural Network and Convolution layers, Deep learning, Machine learning, Stroke.

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