Safety in Chemical and Process Industries: A Comprehensive Assessment

Consequences of Heterogeneous Explosions and Fires

Author(s): Massimiliano Fabbricino*, Roberto Andreozzi*, Laura Clarizia*, Alessandra Cesaro*, Grazia Policastro* and Concetta di Giovanni * .

Pp: 137-169 (33)

DOI: 10.2174/9789815165760123010009

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


Heterogeneous explosions may occur in confined systems, thus leading to confined explosions. In the present chapter, mechanical and chemical explosions in confined and unconfined systems are considered, focusing the attention on their consequences by adopting the TNT-Equivalency method. Additional incidental typologies, such as Pool fire and BLEVE, are also described.

Keywords: Bleve, Chemical Explosion, Confined Explosions, Mechanical Explosion, Multi-Energy Method, Pool Fire, Tnt-Equivalency Method.

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