Recent Trends and The Future of Antimicrobial Agents - Part 2

Probiotics as Potential Remedy for Restoration of Gut Microbiome and Mitigation of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

Author(s): Rejuan Islam and Tilak Saha * .

Pp: 1-33 (33)

DOI: 10.2174/9789815123975123010004

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)

Abstract

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is the most frequent endocrine disorder currently plaguing women. There are many factors associated with high androgenicity in the female body. Dysbiosis of gut microbiota may be one of the primary reasons that initiate PCOS. Emerging evidence suggests that some plastics, pesticides, synthetic fertilizers, electronic waste, food additives, and artificial hormones that release endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) cause microbial Dysbiosis. It is reported that the permeability of the gut is increased due to an increase of some Gram-negative bacteria. It helps to promote the lipopolysaccharides (LPS) from the gut lumen to enter the systemic circulation resulting in inflammation. Due to inflammation, insulin receptors' impaired activity may result in insulin resistance (IR), which could be a possible pathogenic factor in PCOS development. Good bacteria produce short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), and these SCFAs have been reported to increase the development of Mucin-2 (MUC-2) mucin in colonic mucosal cells and prevent the passage of bacteria. Probiotic supplementation for PCOS patients enhances many biochemical pathways with beneficial effects on changing the colonic bacterial balance. This way of applying probiotics in the modulation of the gut microbiome could be a potential therapy for PCOS.


Keywords: Endocrine-disrupting chemicals, Gut microbiome, Insulin resistance, Mucin-2, PCOS, Probiotics, SCFAs, Bifidobacteria, Lactobacillus, Gut bacteria dysbiosis, hypertension, central obesity, dyslipidemia, progesterone, estrogen, luteinizing hormone, Infertility, cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, visceral obesity, and endothelial dysfunction, Hyper-insulinemia, Androgens, lipopolysaccharides, reproductive abnormalities.

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