Bioremediation for Environmental Pollutants

Bacterial Resistance to Antibiotics in Groundwater. Impact to the Public Health

Author(s): S. Kanmani*, Niharika Singh, S. Selva Kumar and R. Gandhimathi

Pp: 284-302 (19)

DOI: 10.2174/9789815123524123020012

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


Antibiotics are defined as medicines used for the prevention and treatment of bacterial infections. They act as growth inhibitors or destroy the bacteria by destructing the bacterial cell wall or inhibiting energy generation from glucose within the cell. When bacteria adapt to resistance or develop the ability to resist the factors & survive after being exposed to antibiotics, they become resistant to antibiotics. Antibiotic resistance occurs due to several changes (physical, chemical, environmental) or undergoing mutation in bacterial DNA. There are many ways through which antibiotics may reach groundwater. The increased use of antibiotics leads them to transfer from one place to another. They can be transferred from hospitals to humans and from human waste to groundwater. Agriculture practices, poultry farming, and industrial techniques also allow antibiotics to reach groundwater, which further affects aquatic lives and also causes antibiotic resistance in bacteria. 

Keywords: Antibiotics, Antibiotic resistance, Mutation, groundwater, Human waste, Poultry farming, Agriculture practices.

Related Journals
Related Books
© 2023 Bentham Science Publishers | Privacy Policy