Due to the rapid and continuous increase in CO2 concentrations in the atmosphere by the massive combustion of fossil fuels, the global ecosystem is being affected severely. Therefore, balancing the CO2 content in the atmosphere should be our main agenda nowadays. For minimization of CO2 concentration, carbon capture and its conversion to valuable chemicals are being perused worldwide. Metal-organic framework (MOF)-based materials having a porous structure and tuneable structural features, are best candidates for the purpose. Herein, we provide a detailed discussion on the design, synthesis and catalytic applications of MOF-based materials for various CO2 conversion reactions.
Keywords: Carbon dioxide, Catalysis, Cyclic carbonate, Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), Methanol, MOF composites, Photocatalyst.