Photophysics of Supramolecular Architectures

Pillararenes: Younger Luminescent Supramolecular Systems

Author(s): Palaniswamy Suresh* and Jeyaraj Belinda Asha

Pp: 77-110 (34)

DOI: 10.2174/9789815049190122010007

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


Since the development of supramolecular chemistry, synthetic macrocycles have also played an inevitable role in constructing the host-guest system. Among pillar[n]arenes, in short pillarenes, a decade-old younger member in the supramolecular family, after reported by Ogoshi et al. in 2008, has gained considerable attention. Due to the straightforward preparation methods, tunable cavity size, and symmetrical architecture makes it an ideal candidate in the supramolecular family. With this perspective, this chapter discusses a brief introduction to the synthesis, characterization, and structural features of different sizes of pillarenes. The presence of a confined hydrophobic and π-electron-rich cavity provided by a paraxyl ether or hydroquinone units offers a unique host-guest recognition capability towards positively charged and neutral molecules. Notably, the presence of a cavity with an aromatic wall provides a broad luminescent platform for various photophysical studies. This chapter elaborates on the contribution of pillarenes in tuning the photophysical properties of the small guest molecules and the formation of luminescent supramolecular materials. Further, the functionalization on the outer of the pillarenes has influenced the photophysical responses such as absorption and fluorescence, which paved a pathway for the development of supramolecular organic light-emitting functional material and novel sensor materials also discussed in this chapter. Finally, this chapter discusses all the progress and applications of luminescence pillarenes and their derivatives.

Keywords: Host, Host-Guest Chemistry, Luminescent materials, Pillararenes, Stimuli-Responsive.

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