Pharmacological and Molecular Perspectives on Diabetes

Comparison of Different Types of Insulin Available for Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Treatment

Author(s): Jai Godheja * .

Pp: 123-133 (11)

DOI: 10.2174/9789815040227122010013

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


A handful of pharmaceutical companies manufacture different types of insulin which treat type I diabetes mellitus. Insulin brands are grouped by the onset of their action and how long their blood glucose-lowering effects last. Insulin analogs were introduced way back in 1996; since then, there has been a lot of advancement in their production as well as the mechanism of action. Current insulin therapies more closely mimic the normal physiologic insulin secretion by the pancreas, which gives a better-glycosylated haemoglobin level in patients suffering from diabetes. This chapter focuses on the types of available insulins and their regimens, classification of types of insulin that are best for different age groups, diet to be followed, principles of dose adjustment, and a glimpse of insulin pump therapy

Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, Type I, Insulin.

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