Common Pediatric Diseases: an Updated Review

Updates on Common Oral Diseases in Children

Author(s): Heliya Ziaei, Shahrzad Banan and Donya Alinejhad * .

Pp: 138-170 (33)

DOI: 10.2174/9789815039658122010007

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


Oral and dental diseases are among the most common problems in children worldwide. If these problems remain untreated, they can have long-term effects on the orofacial system, chewing and speaking abilities, oral health-related quality of life, and overall health status. Dental caries, periodontitis and gingivitis, dental malocclusion, dental trauma, and some oral soft tissue lesions are among the most common oral disorders in children. Early diagnosis and management of these conditions by pediatric dentists and pediatricians necessitate being aware of the clinical manifestations of each disease at every age. Implementing preventive intervention, accurate diagnosis, proper treatment, and performing regular follow-ups are among the key factors for eliminating harmful long-life consequences of poor oral and dental health status in children and adolescents. 

Keywords: Aphthous ulcer, Bruxism, Childhood caries, Children, Cyst, Dental caries, Eruption hematoma, Gingivitis, Hemangioma, Infection, Lip biting, Lymphangioma, Malocclusion, Oral habits, Periodontitis, Thumb sucking, Tongue, Tongue thrusting, Tooth, Trauma.

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