Common Pediatric Diseases: an Updated Review

Introduction of Common Pediatric Diseases

Author(s): Nima Rezaei* and Noosha Samieefar

Pp: 1-39 (39)

DOI: 10.2174/9789815039658122010005

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


Pediatric health has improved over the past decades and there is a decline in deaths caused by infectious diseases. Yet, the top three causes of disease in children younger than 10 years in 2019 include neonatal disorders, lower respiratory tract infections, and diarrheal diseases. While in the adolescence age group, the major causes are road injuries, headache disorders, and self-harm. Preterm birth complications, pneumonia, and birth asphyxia are the most leading cause of death in children under five years. While in the five to nine years of age group, injuries, including road traffic injuries, drowning, burns, and falls, are the leading causes of death.

Keywords: Communicable disease, Disease, Epidemiology, Health, Infectious disease, Integrated medicine, Inter-disciplinary, Medicine, Morbidity, Mortality, Multi-disciplinary, Non-Communicable disease, Pediatrics, Pediatrician.

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