Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: A Systematic Approach to Arthritis of Rheumatic Diseases

Cardiovascular and Renal Diseases in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Author(s): Syuichi Koarada* and Satoko Tashiro

Pp: 322-330 (9)

DOI: 10.2174/9789815050653122040012

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


Cardiovascular disease occurs in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).
Cardiovascular diseases are important in SLE. Cardiovascular diseases involve the
myocardium, pericardium, cardiac valves, and coronary arteries. Pericarditis is often
accompanied by pleurisy, tachycardia, and cardiac enlargement. Verrucae on the valve
leaflets cause a heart murmur. Myocarditis, coronary artery inflammation, and
pulmonary arterial hypertension may be seen. Lupus nephritis is the main cause of
renal damage in SLE. The kidney is the most important organ that determines the
prognosis of SLE. In this section, cardiovascular involvement in SLE is illustrated.

Keywords: Cardiovascular diseases, Libman-Sacks endocarditis, Pericarditis, Pulmonary arterial hypertension, Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).

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