Cancer is the second leading cause of death in children after trauma and accounts for approximately 11% of all pediatric deaths in the United States. In the western countries, leukemia, central nervous system (CNS) tumors, lymphomas, neuroblastomas and nephroblastomas account for most pediatric malignancies. Neuroblastoma and nephroblastoma are among the more common solid abdominal tumors. The prognoses for these cancers have improved after numerous multicentre trials. The following description will be restricted to the most commonly encountered tumors in children.
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Cite this chapter as:Noor Al-Huda I. Khalaf, Hiba A. Mirza, Sultan M. Ghanim ;
Pediatric Malignancy, Essentials of Pediatric Surgery (2021) 1: 236. https://doi.org/10.2174/9789814998840121010008
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