In this chapter, we studied anti-algal coating development with silica-titania core-shell nanoparticles using a novel organic synthesis approach; peptization. Development of nano core-shell through this peptization methodology improved the two different material properties in a single nanoparticle excellently i.e. core silica improved the mechanical strength, and shell titania enhanced the anti-algal property of the coating. These coatings were formulated in two model binders: solvent-based binder polyurethane and water-based emulsion poly-acrylic at various concentrations of nanoparticles against hazardous algae present in seawater. Obtained results confirmed these developed coatings are super protective coatings using silica-titania core-shell nanoparticles, which are highly anti-algal as well as mechanically-strengthened that can be useful as marine antifouling coatings for water boats or ships and when it would be applied to the underwater hull of ships, discourages or prevents the growth of organisms that attach to the hull. It would also improve the flow of water passing the hull of a fishing vessel or high-performance racing yacht because of the smoothness of the coatings. Additionally, the irradiation effect of low energy ions was also investigated on these coating surfaces and found excellent results towards application in marine paint.