Pharmacotherapeutic Management of Cardiovascular Disease Complications: A Textbook for Medical Students

Diagnostic Investigations for Detection of Cardiovascular Diseases

Author(s): A. Bharath Kumar and M.S. Umashankar

Pp: 25-34 (10)

DOI: 10.2174/9789811468216120010004

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


Cardiovascular diseases are a group of disorders of the cardiovascular system which include coronary heart disease, hypertension, myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, rheumatic heart disease, and stroke etc. Currently, cardiovascular diseases are causing 21.9 percent of total deaths globally and that will rise to 26.3 percent by 2030. The risk factors for cardiovascular disease include hypertension, stress, alcohol, diabetes mellitus, smoking, and obesity which highly impact the development of cardiovascular disease. The cardiovascular disease diagnostic test includes electrocardiogram, echocardiography, MRI scan, CT scan, treadmill test, Doppler studies and coronary angiography tests which are vital for determining the severity of cardiovascular disease among diagnosed patients. Early detection of cardiovascular disease risk factors and regular cardiovascular disease risk screening modalities can lower the alarming incidences of cardiovascular diseases in health care settings.

Keywords: Coronary Angiography, Coronary Heart Disease, Diabetes Mellitus, Echocardiography, Electrocardiogram, Hypertension, Treadmill Test.

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