Bacterial Diseases

Gonorrhea: Neisseria Gonorrhoeae is the Causative Agent

Author(s): Muhammad Imran Qadir and Maria Rizvi

Pp: 86-89 (4)

Doi: 10.2174/9789811473760120010022

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)

Abstract

Gonorrhea is the 2nd most sexually transmitted disease and is very contagious. The causative agent of this disease is Neisseria gonorrhoeae. According to WHO (World Health Organization), the ratio of new cases of gonorrhea reported every year is 1.6 million worldwide. Symptoms of gonorrhea in females are dysuria, vaginal discharge, rectal and/or lower abdominal discomfort, abnormal uterine bleeding, and dyspareunia, and in males, symptoms are dysuria, urethral itch and/or discharge and rectal or testicular pain. Gonorrhea screening is facilitated by NAATs (Nucleic Acid Amplification Tests) in the last decade. Prescribed medication for gonorrhea disease is combination therapy together with a single dosage of ceftriaxone 250 mg given deep into the muscles plus oral intake of either 100 milligrams of doxycycline or 1 gm of azithromycin twice a day for one week. This disease can be prevented by avoiding sexual intercourse, the use of condoms, modifications in sexual practices, and reduction in the number of sex partners.


Keywords: Gonorrhea, NAAT, Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD), Symptoms, Treatment.

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