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International Journal of Sensors, Wireless Communications and Control


ISSN (Print): 2210-3279
ISSN (Online): 2210-3287

Research Article

An Efficient Multipath Routing Protocol for Decentralized Wireless Sensor Networks for Mission and Safety-Critical Systems

Author(s): Olakanmi Oladayo Olufemi* and Adama Pamela

Volume 10, Issue 3, 2020

Page: [368 - 381] Pages: 14

DOI: 10.2174/2210327909666190531113558

Price: $65


Background: Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is a useful integral part of mission and safety-critical systems, whose failure may result in injury, loss of life, serious environmental damage and/or may result in the failure of some goal-directed activities. Its major challenges are reliability, and security related issues during data delivery. To mitigate these, the development of secure routing protocols, which are capable of optimum utilization of WSNs’ nodes resources for effective data delivery, has been one of the major research interests. However, most of the existing single path routing protocols for WSNs are not able to meet with up with the performance requirements of the mission and safety-critical systems. Meanwhile, a few that are multipath require high computational power, energy and their multiple paths are not ranked, this makes them unsuitable as routing protocol for WSNs in mission and safety-critical systems.

Objective: In this work, we propose a secure multipath routing protocol based on sectorisation and best neighbouring nodes selection models to meet up with the performance requirements of WSNs in the mission and safety-critical systems. The protocol is capable of providing optimal multiple ranked route paths for reliable data delivery.

Methods: A route management technique, using direct approach, is developed for selecting different optimal data paths for reliable data routing. Also, simple but efficient lightweight privacy preserving authentication scheme is proposed for the protocol to ensure security and privacy during data routing. Computational and security analysis were performed to ascertain its efficiency in terms of computational cost, energy consumption and security.

Results: The results showed that SMRP achieved better performance compared to the two stateof- the-art solutions in terms of end-to-end delay, energy consumption and data routing reliability.

Conclusion: The proposed protocol is suitable for wireless sensor network due to its low delay, low energy consumption and routing reliability metrics.

Keywords: Wireless sensor network, security, multipath, mission and safety-critical systems, protocols, sectorisation.

Graphical Abstract
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