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Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders - Drug Targets


ISSN (Print): 1871-5303
ISSN (Online): 2212-3873

Research Article

Deltamethrin-Induced Immunotoxicity and its Protection by Quercetin: An Experimental Study

Author(s): Anoop Kumar*, Meenakshi Gupta, Ruchika Sharma and Neelima Sharma*

Volume 20, Issue 1, 2020

Page: [67 - 76] Pages: 10

DOI: 10.2174/1871530319666190410144540

Price: $65


Background: Deltamethrin (DLM) is a type 2 pyrethroid insecticide used in agriculture and home to control pests. However, emerging reports have indicated the immunotoxicity of DLM.

Objective: Thus, in the current investigation, we have checked the immune-protective role of quercetin in DLM-induced immunotoxicity by using in silico and in vitro techniques.

Results: In silico results have shown good interaction of quercetin towards immune cell receptors (T & B cell receptors). The findings of in vitro studies indicated the decrease in oxidative stress which is elevated by DLM in concentration & time-dependent manner. The increased caspases-3 activity was decreased by treatment of quercetin. The apoptosis induced by DLM in thymus and spleen was suppressed only at higher concentration (50μg/ml) of quercetin. Finally, the phenotypic changes due to DLM were restored by quercetin.

Conclusion: Quercetin has strong binding affinity towards CD4, CD8 and CD28, CD45 receptors and protects the thymocytes and splenocytes against DLM-induced apoptotic signaling pathways.

Keywords: Pyrethroid insecticide, deltamethrin, oxidative stress, apoptosis, phenotyping, quercetin.

Graphical Abstract
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