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Current Vascular Pharmacology


ISSN (Print): 1570-1611
ISSN (Online): 1875-6212

Review Article

The Growing Epidemic of Diabetes Mellitus

Author(s): Dragan Lovic*, Alexia Piperidou, Ioanna Zografou, Haralambos Grassos, Andreas Pittaras and Athanasios Manolis

Volume 18, Issue 2, 2020

Page: [104 - 109] Pages: 6

DOI: 10.2174/1570161117666190405165911

Price: $65


Background: During the past decades, the prevalence of diabetes (DM) has increased significantly, mainly as a result of continuous rise in the incidence of type 2 DM. According to World Health Organization statistics, >422 million adults globally were suffering from DM in 2014 and a continuous rise in DM prevalence is expected.

Objective: The present review considers recent epidemiological data providing worldwide estimates regarding the incidence of DM.

Methods: A comprehensive literature search was conducted to identify available data from epidemiological studies evaluating the current burden of DM.

Results: Over the past few decades the prevalence of DM has risen significantly in nearly all countries and may be considered as a growing epidemic. Urbanization and income status are major factors which influence current rates in the prevalence studies introducing interesting differences between several population groups.

Conclusion: Having recognized the global burden of DM, we now realize the urgent need for effective interventions. In order to monitor the public-health strategies and design effective future interventions we need reliable global estimates regarding the prevalence of DM.

Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance, impaired fasting glycaemia, prevalence, incidence, epidemiology.

Graphical Abstract
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