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Mini-Reviews in Organic Chemistry


ISSN (Print): 1570-193X
ISSN (Online): 1875-6298

Review Article

Heliannuol: Distribution, Biological Activities, 1H and 13C-NMR Spectral Data

Author(s): Carlos Magno Rocha Ribeiro*, Thiago Silva Galvão de Souza, Karinne Canevalli de Almeida, Karen Danielle Borba Dutra and Alessandra Leda Valverde

Volume 17, Issue 3, 2020

Page: [309 - 322] Pages: 14

DOI: 10.2174/1570193X16666190405102658

Price: $65


Heliannuols are an important class of compounds isolated from Helianthus annuus, a common sunflower, with allelopathic properties. Interestingly, two of these fourteen compounds have been isolated from a gorgonian, Pseudopterogorgia rigida. This review compiles data on the isolation and biological activity of heliannuols described in the literature and briefly reports the papers describing their syntheses. This review could stimulate research into other natural species and syntheses. Further, it describes the 1H and 13C-NMR spectral data described in the literature for the 14 heliannuols already isolated and correlates them with their respective structures. Therefore, we believe that these searchable data enable a rapid identification in routine analysis of the crude extracts of sunflowers or gorgonians.

Keywords: 1H and 13C-NMR spectral data, biological activities, distribution, gorgonian, heliannuols, sunflower.

Graphical Abstract
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