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Current Pharmaceutical Design


ISSN (Print): 1381-6128
ISSN (Online): 1873-4286

General Research Article

A Uniquely Modified DKL-based Peptide Probe for Positron Emission Tomography Imaging

Author(s): Yi Liu, Zhengjie Wang, Xiang Li, Fei Kang, Xiaowei Ma, Weidong Yang, Wenhui Ma* and Jing Wang*

Volume 25, Issue 1, 2019

Page: [96 - 103] Pages: 8

DOI: 10.2174/1381612825666190329151326

Price: $65


Peptides containing the asparagine-glycine-arginine (NGR) motif can target the tumor neovascular biomarker CD13/aminopeptidase N receptor. D-K6L9 is a tumor-selective anti-cancer peptide. To improve the capacity of NGR peptides to target tumors, we joined the NGR and D-K6L9 peptides to form NKL. Next, we linked 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid (DOTA) to NKL and labeled it with gallium 68 (68Ga, t1/2 = 67.7 min) to form 68Ga-DOTA-NKL. This novel probe was characterized in vitro. 68Ga-DOTA-NKL was stable in phosphate buffered saline at room temperature and in human serum at 37°C. We determined that the uptake rate of 68Ga-DOTA-NKL in CD13 receptor-positive 22Rv1 tumor cells was 3.15% ± 0.04 after 2 h, and tested 68Ga-DOTA-NKL using positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography imaging in vivo. MicroPET imaging results revealed that 22Rv1 tumor uptake of 68Ga-DOTA-NKL was 8.69 ± 0.20, 6.61 ± 0.22, 3.85 ± 0.06, and 1.41 ± 0.23 percentage injected dose per gram of tissue (%ID/g) at 0.5, 1, 2, and 3 h postinjection (pi), respectively. The tumor-to-background contrast in the subcutaneous human prostate cancer 22Rv1 mouse model was 9.97 ± 1.90. The 68Ga-DOTA-NKL probe has combined tumor-targeting and tumor-selective properties, and may be used to diagnose CD13-positive tumors.

Keywords: Anticancer peptide, CD13 receptor, NGR peptide, PET/CT imaging, tumor targeting, Tomography.

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