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Current Computer-Aided Drug Design


ISSN (Print): 1573-4099
ISSN (Online): 1875-6697

VaxiJen Dataset of Bacterial Immunogens: An Update

Author(s): Nevena Zaharieva, Ivawn Dimitrov, Darren R. Flower and Irini Doytchinova*

Volume 15, Issue 5, 2019

Page: [398 - 400] Pages: 3

DOI: 10.2174/1573409915666190318121838

Price: $65


Background: Identifying immunogenic proteins is the first stage in vaccine design and development. VaxiJen is the most widely used and highly cited server for immunogenicity prediction. As the developers of VaxiJen, we are obliged to update and improve it regularly. Here, we present an updated dataset of bacterial immunogens containing 317 experimentally proven immunogenic proteins of bacterial origin, of which 60% have been reported during the last 10 years.

Methods: PubMed was searched for papers containing data for novel immunogenic proteins tested on humans till March 2017. Corresponding protein sequences were collected from NCBI and UniProtKB. The set was curated manually for multiple protein fragments, isoforms, and duplicates.

Results: The final curated dataset consists of 306 immunogenic proteins tested on humans derived from 47 bacterial microorganisms. Certain proteins have several isoforms. All were considered, and the total protein sequences in the set are 317. The updated set contains 206 new immunogens, compared to the previous VaxiJen bacterial dataset. The average number of immunogens per species is 6.7. The set also contains 12 fusion proteins and 41 peptide fragments and epitopes. The dataset includes the names of bacterial microorganisms, protein names, and protein sequences in FASTA format.

Conclusion: Currently, the updated VaxiJen bacterial dataset is the best known manually-curated compilation of bacterial immunogens. It is freely available at jen/dataset. It can easily be downloaded, searched, and processed. When combined with an appropriate negative dataset, this update could also serve as a training set, allowing enhanced prediction of the potential immunogenicity of unknown protein sequences.

Keywords: Immunogenicity prediction, dataset, bacterial immunogen, VaxiJen, FASTA, epitopes.

Graphical Abstract
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