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Current Pharmaceutical Design


ISSN (Print): 1381-6128
ISSN (Online): 1873-4286

Review Article

The Role of Mineralocorticoid Receptor Antagonists in Heart Failure with Reduced Ejection Fraction

Author(s): Vasilios Papademetriou*, Maria Toumpourleka, Konstantinos P. Imprialos, Sofia Alataki, Alexandros Manafis and Konstantinos Stavropoulos

Volume 24, Issue 46, 2018

Page: [5517 - 5524] Pages: 8

DOI: 10.2174/1381612825666190219141326

Price: $65


Background: Heart failure (HF) is a worldwide modern epidemic, associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Several causes have been identified for the syndrome, most of which share common pathophysiologic pathways, including neurohormonal activation. Central to the latter lies activation of the reninangiotensin- aldosterone system, and its effects on cardiovascular disease progression.

Objectives: The aim of this review is to summarize the pathophysiology of aldosterone and the effects of its blockage in the failing heart, as well as to provide state-of-the-art evidence, and address future perspectives regarding the use of mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction.

Method: Literature was reviewed for studies that assess the pathophysiology of aldosterone in HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), and the effects of mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRAs) in this condition.

Results: Several major society guidelines have synthesized the available evidence on HFrEF management, and drugs that block the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system at different levels continue to form the key component of standard of care for these patients. Mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists are an important part of HFrEF pharmacologic treatment, and their use is supported by a high level of evidence studies. This class of drugs demonstrated significant benefits for morbidity and mortality, across the spectrum oh HFrEF, including patients after acute myocardial infarction.

Conclusion: Current evidence supports the central role of aldosterone in HFrEF progression, and the significant benefits on outcomes with the use of MRAs.

Keywords: Heart failure, reduced ejection fraction, aldosterone, mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists, spironolactone, eplerenone.

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