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Current Organic Synthesis


ISSN (Print): 1570-1794
ISSN (Online): 1875-6271

Research Article

Using Sodium Hydride and Potassium Carbonate as Bases in Synthesis of Substituted 2-Amino-4-aryl-7-propargyloxy-4H-chromene-3-carbonitriles

Author(s): Nguyen D. Thanh*, Do S. Hai, Vu T.N. Bich, Pham T.T. Hien, Nguyen T.K. Duyen, Nguyen T. Mai, Tran T. Dung, Hoang T.K. Van, Vu N. Toan, Duong N. Toan and Le H. Dang

Volume 16, Issue 3, 2019

Page: [423 - 430] Pages: 8

DOI: 10.2174/1570179416666190104124652

Price: $65


Aims and Objective: 1-Alkynes are the important precursors for the CuAAC click chemistry. The hybrid of 1,2,3-triazole ring to the chromene ring and sugar moiety could bring some remarkable biological properties. Propargyl derivatives are usually used in the click chemistry. This article reported the synthesis of 2-amino-4-aryl-7-propargyloxy-4-aryl-4H-chromene-3-carbonitriles using propargyl bromide as alkylation agent and the use of potassium carbonate and sodium hydride as bases in the conversion of 2-amino-4-aryl-7- hydroxy-4-aryl-4H-chromene-3-carbonitriles into corresponding propargyl ethers in Williamson’s ether synthesis.

Materials and Methods: The use of CTAB for the synthesis of benzylidene malononitriles and anhydrous potassium carbonate as a catalyst in absolute ethanol in the synthesis of 2-amino-7-hydroxy-4H-chromene-3- carbonitriles is an efficient and simple synthetic method. Propargyl ether compounds of these 4H-chromene-3- carbonitriles were obtained from the alkylation reaction by propargyl bromide. Two procedures were applied: K2CO3 as a base in acetone solvent (Procedure A) and NaH as a base in DMF solvent (Procedure B). The single-crystal X-ray structure of propargyl ether 5e has been studied.

Results: The use of K2CO3 and NaH as bases in the Williamson’s ether synthesis from 2-amino-7-hydroxy-4Hchromene- 3-carbonitriles showed that Procedure B was the better route and gave ethers in the higher yields. 2- Amino-4-aryl-7-propargyloxy-4-aryl-4H-chromene-3-carbonitriles were obtained from corresponding 7- hydroxy-4H-chromene-3-carbonitriles. Yields of ethers 5a-i were 70−89% and 80−96%, respectively depending on the used procedures.

Conclusion: The described methods are simple, clean and environmentally friendly alternatives for the preparation of 2-amino-4-aryl-7-hydroxy-4H-chromene-3-carbonitriles. The conditions for the transformation of these compounds into propargyl ethers include dried DMF as a solvent, NaH as a base and reaction time of 2 h at the room temperature. A series of 2-amino-4-aryl-7-hydroxy-4-aryl-4H-chromene-3-carbonitriles were obtained based on investigated reaction condition.

Keywords: 4H-Chromene, multi-component reaction, propargyl ether, potassium carbonate, sodium hydride, Williamson’s ether synthesis.

Graphical Abstract
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