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Current Signal Transduction Therapy


ISSN (Print): 1574-3624
ISSN (Online): 2212-389X

Research Article

Segmentation of Ordinary Images and Medical Images with an Adaptive Hidden Markov Model and Viterbi Algorithm

Author(s): Yinglei Song*, Benjamin Adobah, Junfeng Qu and Chunmei Liu

Volume 15 , Issue 2 , 2020

Page: [109 - 123] Pages: 15

DOI: 10.2174/1574362413666181109113834


Background: Image segmentation is an important problem in both image processing and computer vision. Given an image, the goal of image segmentation is to label each pixel in the image such that the pixels with the same label collectively represent an object.

Materials and Methods: Due to the inherent complexity and noise that may exist in images, developing an algorithm that can generate excellent segmentation results for an arbitrary image is still a challenging problem. In this paper, a new adaptive Hidden Markov Model is developed to describe the spatial and semantic relationships among pixels in an image. Based on this statistical model, image segmentation can be efficiently performed with an adaptive Viterbi algorithm in linear time.

Results: The algorithm is unsupervised and does not require being used along with any other approach in image segmentation. Testing results on synthetic and real images show that this algorithm is able to achieve excellent segmentation results in both ordinary images and medical images.

Conclusion: An implementation of this algorithm in MATLAB is freely available upon request.

Keywords: Image segmentation, adaptive Hidden Markov Models, adaptive Viterbi Algorithm, stochastic process.

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