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Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1871-5206
ISSN (Online): 1875-5992

Research Article

Celastrus Orbiculatus Extract Potentiates the Sensitivity of Cisplatin Via Caspase-Depenent Apoptosis in Gastric Cancer

Author(s): Weimin Wang, Yan Zhou, Qiang Yao, Weihua Liu, Liangliang Xiang, Tengyang Ni, Xiaojun Dai and Yanqing Liu*

Volume 18 , Issue 15 , 2018

Page: [2206 - 2211] Pages: 6

DOI: 10.2174/1871520618666180911110124

Price: $65

Abstract

Background: Cisplatin-based treatment often leads to therapeutic failure because the acquisition of cisplatin resistance. The combination of cisplatin with other agents has been recognized as a promising strategy to overcome cisplatin resistance.

Objective: Celastrus orbiculatus is a traditional Chinese medicine from Celastraceae family with multiple pharmacological activities. We previously found that the ethyl acetate extract of Celastrus orbiculatus (COE) exhibited significant antitumor activity in gastric cancer. Here, we asked whether COE could increase the sensitivity of cisplatin.

Methods: We use CCK8 assay to show synergistic cytotoxicity of COE and cisplatin. Then, PI single staining and FITC-Annexin V/PI double staining were used to observe apoptotic cells through flow cytometry. The proteins of caspase signaling pathway were examined by Western blotting.

Results: COE and cisplatin showed synergistic cytotoxicity in a dose-dependent manner in BGC 823 and SGC 7901 gastric cancer cells, and COE could increase the number of apoptotic cells upon cisplatin treatment in vitro. Moreover, our results indicated that COE could enhance cisplatin–induced activation of caspase-8 or caspase- 9/caspase-3/PARP1 signaling pathways. The xenograft study further confirmed that COE increased the sensitivity of cisplatin in vivo.

Conclusion: Our findings provided new evidence that COE could increase the sensitivity of cisplatin on the antitumor effect.

Keywords: Celastrus Orbiculatus, cisplatin, gastric cancer, apoptosis, western blotting, CCK8, caspase pathway.

Graphical Abstract

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