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Micro and Nanosystems


ISSN (Print): 1876-4029
ISSN (Online): 1876-4037

Research Article

Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles with Ultrasonic Spray Pyrolysis and its Feasibility for Ink-Jet Printing on Paper

Author(s): Mohammed Shariq, Nik Marić, Gaj Kren Gorše, Rupert Kargl and Rebeka Rudolf*

Volume 10, Issue 2, 2018

Page: [102 - 109] Pages: 8

DOI: 10.2174/1876402910666180802113859


Background: The bulk production of Gold Nanoparticles (AuNPs) and their concentrated ink, with desirable properties such as morphology, purity, stability and final Au concentration, remains a challenge.

Objective: (i) Synthesis of AuNPs through Ultrasonic Spray Pyrolysis (USP) from different precursors. (ii) Preparation of their concentrated ink and (iii) Test their feasibility for ink jet printing onto a glossy paper substrate.

Method: Initially, two different start materials were used - precursor: Gold Chloride with its nanoparticles as C-AuNPs, and Gold Acetate with its nanoparticles as A-AuNPs stabilised with PVP40 in deionised water. The concentrated ink was prepared from both AuNPs, and filtered up to the [Au] of 1000 ppm. Ink-jet printing was performed, and the obtained patterns were analysed through SEM.

Results: The [Au] in the obtained solutions, determined through ICP-OES analysis, was, for CAuNPs, about 100 ppm, and 150 ppm for A-AuNPs. In the case of C-AuNPs the solution was rose, and for A-AuNPs violet. TEM investigation revealed that C-AuNPs dominated in a circular shape with size about 18 nm; contrary to this, A-AuNPs were mostly in ellipsoid shape, with size in the longitudinal direction of about 36 nm. EDX analyses detected 99.9 wt. % of Au in both AuNPs, which is evidence that these were of high purity. Due to different AuNPs` sizes and [Au], the colloidal solutions showed maximum absorbance wavelength of 532 nm for C-AuNPs and 528 nm for A-AuNPs. SEM results showed that A-AuNPs were significantly better for printing on the paper substrate than C-AuNPs, due to their ellipsoidal shape, as the flow behaviour had been much smoother through the nozzle as compared to the circular shape. The printed area with A-AuNPs reflected in better incorporation of nanoparticles on the paper surface and high-density connectivity among AuNPs.

Conclusions: C-AuNPs and A-AuNPs were synthesised successfully under optimum parameters of evaporation temperature, reaction temperature and gas flow rates. The spherical shape of C-AuNPs as compared to the ellipsoidal nature of A-AuNPs was due to the rapid sintering of Gold Chloride at a higher temperature of 300ºC as compared to Gold Acetate.

Keywords: Gold nanoparticles, USP, characterization, ink-jet printing, paper, ellipsoidal shape.

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