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Current Pediatric Reviews

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1573-3963
ISSN (Online): 1875-6336

Review Article

Neonatal and Long-Term Consequences of Fetal Growth Restriction

Author(s): Marina Colella*, Alice Frérot, Aline Rideau Batista Novais and Olivier Baud

Volume 14, Issue 4, 2018

Page: [212 - 218] Pages: 7

DOI: 10.2174/1573396314666180712114531

Abstract

Background: Fetal Growth Restriction (FGR) is one of the most common noxious antenatal conditions in humans, inducing a substantial proportion of preterm delivery and leading to a significant increase in perinatal mortality, neurological handicaps and chronic diseases in adulthood. This review summarizes the current knowledge about the postnatal consequences of FGR, with a particular emphasis on the long-term consequences on respiratory, cardiovascular and neurological structures and functions.

Result and Conclusion: FGR represents a global health challenge, and efforts are urgently needed to improve our understanding of the critical factors leading to FGR and subsequent insults to the developing organs.

Keywords: FGR, maternal malnutrition, neonatal brain injury, long-term handicap, perinatal mortality, diseases.


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