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Current Medicinal Chemistry


ISSN (Print): 0929-8673
ISSN (Online): 1875-533X

Review Article

An Overview of the Loading Efficacy of Cationic Lipids with Milk Proteins: A Potential Application for Lipid Delivery

Author(s): Penprapa Chanphai, Philippe Bourassa and Heidar Ali Tajmir-Riahi*

Volume 27 , Issue 24 , 2020

Page: [4109 - 4117] Pages: 9

DOI: 10.2174/0929867325666180608122439

Price: $65


In this review, the loading efficacies of helper and Cationic Lipids Cholesterol (CHOL), 1,2-dioleoyl-3-trimethylammonium-propane (DOTAP), Dioctadecyl Dimethyl- Ammonium Bromide (DDAB) and Dioleoyl Phosphatidylethanolamine (DOPE) with milk β- lactoglobulin, α-casein and β-casein were compared in aqueous solution at physiological conditions. Structural analysis showed that lipids bind milk proteins via hydrophilic, hydrophobic and H-bonding contacts with DOTAP and DDAB forming more stable protein conjugates. Loading efficacy was 30-50% and enhanced with cationic lipids. Lipid conjugation altered protein conformation, causing a partial protein structural destabilization. Milk proteins are capable of transporting lipids in vitro.

Keywords: Milk protein, lipid, loading efficacy, spectroscopy, modeling, Cationic Lipids Cholesterol.

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