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Current Pharmaceutical Design


ISSN (Print): 1381-6128
ISSN (Online): 1873-4286

Applications of Artificial Neural Network in AIDS Research and Therapy

Author(s): S. Sardari and D. Sardari

Volume 8, Issue 8, 2002

Page: [659 - 670] Pages: 12

DOI: 10.2174/1381612024607199

Price: $65


In recent years considerable effort has been devoted to applying pattern recognition techniques to the complex task of data analysis in drug research. Artificial neural networks (ANN) methodology is a modeling method with great ability to adapt to a new situation, or control an unknown system, using data acquired in previous experiments. In this paper, a brief history of ANN and the basic concepts behind the computing, the mathematical and algorithmic formulation of each of the techniques, and their developmental background is presented. Based on the abilities of ANNs in pattern recognition and estimation of system outputs from the known inputs, the neural network can be considered as a tool for molecular data analysis and interpretation. Analysis by neural networks improves the classification accuracy, data quantification and reduces the number of analogues necessary for correct classification of biologically active compounds. Conformational analysis and quantifying the components in mixtures using NMR spectra, aqueous solubility prediction and structure-activity correlation are among the reported applications of ANN as a new modeling method. Ranging from drug design and discovery to structure and dosage form design, the potential pharmaceutical applications of the ANN methodology are significant. In the areas of clinical monitoring, utilization of molecular simulation and design of bioactive structures, ANN would make the study of the status of the health and disease possible and brings their predicted chemotherapeutic response closer to reality.

Keywords: Aids research, therapy

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