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Current Pharmaceutical Design

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1381-6128
ISSN (Online): 1873-4286

Research Article

Novel Solid Lipid Nanocarrier of Glibenclamide: A Factorial Design Approach with Response Surface Methodology

Author(s): Sonia Pandey*, Payal Patel and Arti Gupta

Volume 24 , Issue 16 , 2018

Page: [1811 - 1820] Pages: 10

DOI: 10.2174/1381612824666180522092743

Price: $65

Abstract

Background: In the present investigation, a factorial design approach attempt was applied to develop the Solid Lipid Nanoparticles (SLN) of Glibenclamide (GLB) a poorly water-soluble drug (BCS -II) used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes.

Objectives: Prime objectives of this experiment are to optimize the SLN formulation of Glibenclamide and improve the therapeutic effectiveness of the developed formulation.

Methods: Glibenclamide loaded SLNs (GLB-SLN) were fabricated by High speed homogenization technique. A 32-factorial design approach has been employed to assess the influence of two independent variables, namely amount of Poloxamer 188 and Glyceryl Monostearate on entrapment efficiency (% EE) (Y1), Particle Size (nm) (Y2), % drug release at 8hr Q8 (Y3) and 24 hr Q24 (Y4) of prepared SLNs. Differential scanning calorimetry analysis revealed the compatibility of the drug into lipid matrix with a surfactant, while Transmission electron and Scanning electron microscopy studies indicated the size and shape of SLN.

Results: The entrapment efficiency, particle size, Q8 and Q24 of the optimized SLNs were 88.93%, 125 nm, 31.12±0.951% and 86.07±1.291% respectively. Optimized GLB-SLN formula was derived from an overlay plot. Three-dimensional response surface plots and regression equations confirmed the corresponding influence of selected independent variables on measured responses. In vivo testing of the GLB-SLN in diabetic albino rats demonstrated the significant antidiabetic effect of GLB-SLN.

Conclusion: The hypoglycemic effect obtained by GLB-SLN remained significantly higher than that given by drug alone and marketed formulation, further confirming the higher therapeutic effectiveness of the GLB-SLN formulation. Our findings suggested the feasibility of the investigated system for oral administration of Glibenclamide.

Keywords: Glibenclamide, solid lipid nanoparticles, factorial design, glyceryl mono stearatae, poloxamer 188, hypoglycemic activity.


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