This article, by foremost Russian specialists of phytotherapy, surveys traditional medicine and phytotherapy in Moscow from its medieval origins down to the present time. It confirms the scientific foundation and contemporary relevance of phytotherapy by focusing on the treatment of Psoriasis and complications of this disease with cocktails of botanicals that can be prepared at home as well as the application of commercial products made from botanicals. The botanicals sometimes are used alone or in conjunction with other therapies. Clinical studies and case studies cited confirm the effectiveness of phytotherapy for the treatment of Psoriasis. Bibliography provided in the text details research on the effectiveness of phytotherapy for treating other diseases and medical problems.