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Mini-Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry


ISSN (Print): 1389-5575
ISSN (Online): 1875-5607

Review Article

Probing Gallic Acid for Its Broad Spectrum Applications

Author(s): Sneha Choubey, Soniya Goyal, Lesley Rachel Varughese, Vinod Kumar, Anil K. Sharma and Vikas Beniwal*

Volume 18, Issue 15, 2018

Page: [1283 - 1293] Pages: 11

DOI: 10.2174/1389557518666180330114010

Price: $65


Gallic acid and its derivatives not only exhibit excellent antioxidant, anticarcinogenic, antimutagenic, antimicrobial properties but also provide protection to the cells against oxidative stress. Gallic acid (3, 4, 5-trihydroxybenzoic acid), a low molecular triphenolic compound emerged as an efficient apoptosis inducing agent. The antimicrobial and other biological properties of gallic acid and its derivatives seemed to be linked with the hydrolysis of ester linkage between gallic acid and polyols like tannins hydrolyzed after ripening of many edible fruits. Gallic acid serves a natural defense mechanism against microbial infections and modulation of immune responses. The current review updates us with the diverse roles played by gallic acid, its antioxidant potential, action mechanism and more importantly the diverse array of applications in therapeutic and pharmaceutical areas.

Keywords: Antioxidant, anti-diabetic, anti-tyrosinase, antimicrobial properties, gallic acid, pharmaceutical areas.

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