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Current Pharmaceutical Design


ISSN (Print): 1381-6128
ISSN (Online): 1873-4286

Review Article

Orthopedic Aspects of the Diabetic Foot

Author(s): Elvira J.A. Tijdens-Creusen, Paul C. Jutte*, Wim M.H.H. Schoumakers, Melanie M. Van der Klauw and Marjan Wouthuyzen-Bakker

Volume 24 , Issue 12 , 2018

Page: [1255 - 1269] Pages: 15

DOI: 10.2174/1381612824666180328120347

Price: $65


Background: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a common medical condition affecting more than 6% of the world population. Besides well-known pathology like diabetic retinopathy and renal insufficiency, it carries important orthopedic implications, especially around the foot and ankle (diabetic foot).

Focus: This article focusses on the three major areas confronting the orthopedist: 1) changes in foot statics and biology leading to ulceration with or without osteomyelitis, 2) ankle fractures, particularly complications after a fracture and 3) Charcot foot.

Their pathophysiology, clinical features, classification, diagnostic dilemmas and treatment options are discussed.

Conclusion: DM is very common and is often associated with foot problems. Diabetic foot is a special condition that needs special attention. This article aims to provide the necessary knowledge to a better understanding and treatment of the diabetic foot.

Keywords: Diabetic foot, diabetes mellitus, orthopedic surgery, orthopedic shoe, charcot, neuropathy, ankle fracture.

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